THE LAWRENCE OF ARABIA WALKING TRAIL

The Lawrence of Arabia Walking Trail is a 7 mile circular walk which begins and ends at the Bovington Tank Museum in Dorset. During his later military career T.E. Lawrence was based at Bovington Camp and then, following his retirement, he lived in nearby Clouds Hill. This seven mile trail takes you through a part of rural Dorset to various points of interest closely associated with Lawrence’s life and death.

The exterior of Clouds Hill in Dorset
Clouds Hill, Lawrence’s small, rural cottage is now managed by the National Trust

Lawrence of Arabia is the name that was given to the Welsh born Thomas Edward Lawrence as a result of his various exploits in Palestine and Syria. A thesis on Crusader Castles first took him to the area in 1909; a few years later he would work in Syria as an archaeologist. However it is as a member of the British army and for his involvement in the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire during World War I for which he is better known. His life has been immortalised in the blockbuster movie, Lawrence of Arabia.

Throughout his life Lawrence sought to escape public attention and this was certainly true when he retired to Clouds Hill in 1935, a remote rural spot in Dorset.


Earlier in his military career he had been based at the nearby Bovington Military Camp; Bovington is still an active military base today, and is also home to the Tank Museum.


The Tank Museum is where the Lawrence of Arabia Walking Trail starts and ends. This seven mile (just under 11 kilometres) trail takes you through a small part of rural Dorset to various points of interest closely associated with Lawrence’s life and death.


We walked it on a chilly January day but still found plenty of interest in our surroundings and liked the variety of places on the trail


1. Start at The Bovington Tank Museum (w3w: basically.sugars.octopus)


The first of the trail plaques is near the entrance to the car park.

A road with industrial type buildings on either side which form part of the tank museum
The rather unpreposessing start to the trail

Walk out of the car park through the vehicle exit, keeping the museum on your left.


Cross the main road, head right and after a few metres you reach a small track with a wooden signpost which says Lawrence Trail and Moreton, 2 miles. (w3w: items.fearfully.february)


Follow this, cross over Menin Road and continue straight on with Cranesmoor Close on your left (w3w:squirted.reduce.shackles).


Keep going straight ahead, where you are now walking through woodland.

The trail can get boggy in winter - walking boots are a must at this time of year!


HISTORY: BOVINGTON CAMP

The Bovington area has been inhabited since Saxon times; Bovington means ‘the farm of Bofa’s descendents’. In 1776 it formed part of a larger estate which was sold to the Frampton family, who were Lords of the Manor at nearby Moreton House. In 1899, Mary Frampton was paid £4,300 by the War Office for 1000 acres of heathland, to be used as a rifle range.


A firing range was built and soldiers arrived in their hundreds. Huts could not be built fast enough to accommodate them all and many were billeted out with locals, until 1915 when the huts were finally finished.


Trenches were constructed on the land and the soldiers trained constantly. Tanks were invented in late 1915, based on an idea of Winston Churchill’s who thought that developing ‘land ships’ would break the deadlock of trench warfare. Bovington was considered a good place for developing, training and testing them, in the remote heathlands where secrecy could be maintained. When the tanks arrived from nearby Wool, the locals had to close their curtains when the iron giants rolled into town for the first time. By the end of 1917 there were 300 tanks in Bovington and The Tank Corps was officially formed.


T.E. Lawrence had left the RAF in 1922, where he had been stationed at Uxbridge as Aircraftsman Ross, until his alias was discovered. He joined the army as T.E. Shaw and was stationed at Bovington in 1923. When he arrived, the camp was just a muddy main road, lined with shops and cafes, known as Tintown. Now it looks like many other military bases, filled with identikit housing, barbed wire lined fencing and the signs of military life all around.

A arrow bridge over a river
The Ford over the river Frome

2. Moreton Ford


At a T-junction in the track (w3w: puppy.flatten.corporate) , all of which are signposted Lawrence Trail, take the left and keep on going.


A narrow bridge (w3w: complain.northwood.pictured) takes you over the wide shallows of the River Frome and then you arrive in the village of Moreton.


HISTORY: MORETON

Moreton is a tiny village of old thatched cottages and narrow lanes. With a manor house, a pub, a café and a tiny train station, it is remote and well off the beaten track. Moreton is Anglo-Saxon for ‘the farmstead on the moor’ and was originally owned from 1300 by Sir John Hussey, until it was handed down to the Frampton family in the 14th century. The Framptons were cousins of T.E. Lawrence and it was from them that he at first rented and then bought Clouds Hill, his sanctuary away from the camp.


The Frampton family are best known for one of their members, James Frampton, who was responsible for the transportation of the Tollpuddle Martyrs. In 1833, six men from the nearby village of Tollpuddle formed a Friendly Society, a union to protest about the reduction of wages for agricultural labourers. As the local Squire and magistrate, Frampton complained to the Home Secretary who recommended he use an obscure law to get the men transported to Australia. Over 800,000 people in Britain signed a petition to protest their treatment and they were eventually returned home.

The exterior of St. Nicholas Church in Moreton

3. St Nicholas Church


On the left (w3w: stew.hazy.downs) is a small path to the church, St Nicholas of Moreton. The second Lawrence plaque is outside the entrance to the church.


The second plaque is outside the church on the right. Go in if it is open as it is well worth a visit.


HISTORY: ST. NICHOLAS CHURCH, MORETON

The first church was built on this site around 1190. It was only a small chapel as the village was so small it was unable to sustain a church. Dedicated to St. Magnus, in 1410 it was re-dedicated to St Nicholas, the Bishop of Myra in Syria.


The church was rebuilt in 1776 by James Frampton. Bombed in 1940 by a stray German bomb probably intended for nearby RAF Warmwell, much of it was destroyed. It was rebuilt ten years later in 1950.


The church was visited by the Oxford architectural historian Howard Colvin, who heard how much the parishioners disliked the windows and he suggested that they ask Laurence Whistler to submit designs for new windows.


He initially designed just the five windows for the apse, but over the subsequent years he designed them all, making this church unique in that it is the only one to have all of its windows designed by him.

There are 13 windows in total, and for many years the local parish council rejected the 13th window, as it featured Judas. Laurence Whistler came up with the offer himself, saying that Judas was the 13th disciple and a perfect fit for their 13th window. He called it forgiveness and it implies that even Judas can be forgiven.


When the council rejected it, he placed it in a museum on the understanding that if they changed their minds, they could have it installed in the church at any time. Fortunately they saw sense and it was installed in 2013, 13 years after Whistler’s death.


The church is only small but it is amazing and really worth a visit. It is light and airy, with a colourful tiled floor and central font. It is the windows that really stand out though, and photos do not do them justice. With vivid depictions of nature from tumbling leaves to swirls of stars, they are spectacular.

T.E. Lawrence’s funeral was held at St. Nicholas Church and was attended by many famous writers and statesmen


It was here that Lawrence’s funeral was held, attended by well-known people such as Winston Churchill, Bernard Shaw, Augustus John, Siegried Sasson, and Lady Astor.


4. St Nicholas Cemetery

After visiting the church, go back to the main road and turn left. Bear left at the road junction and a little way along on your right is the entrance to the cemetery (w3w: overt.headliner.pursuing).


HISTORY: ST. NICHOLAS CEMETERY, MORETON

The New Cemetery was opened in 1930 with land donated by the Framptons, as the church graveyard was full. The entranceway has a large porch, which was once the porch to the kitchen gardens of the Manor House. Badly damaged by a tank, it was removed and used for the cemetery. It has two marble tablets inside it which once formed the pedestal of a nearby obelisk, erected in the memory of James Frampton.

The grave of TE Lawrence
Lawrence’s grave is small and modest, and always has flowers on it

Follow the brick path which takes you right through the cemetery to T.E. Lawrence’s grave. It is small and simple and makes no mention of his army career or his exploits in the middle East, purely his academic career, at the request of his mother. Apparently, there are always flowers on it.


There is a story that from 1974 onwards, a bunch of 46 white roses were delivered to the grave on 16th August, his birthday, with the message ‘In memory of TES, 2020 AD’. Each year thereafter, the number of roses has decreased by one. Each year at the same time, a single white rose is delivered to Clouds Hill, his last home.


From 1974 – 2020 is 46 years, the age he was when he died, so it is expected that 2020 will be the first year that no roses will be delivered. No one knows where they come from, other than that the order comes from America.

 A close up of the grave of Lawrence of Arabia
Mementos left on Lawrence's grave

Researching this, I discovered the words of a guide at Clouds Hill: “since Lawrence died in 1935, thousands of women from all over the world have made pilgrimages to his grave in Dorset to leave tokens of their love for him. Over the years there have been notes and letters and little gifts, and of course the flowers, which appear all the year around.


Some have been simple woodland flowers, others extravagant, expensive and stunning floral tributes. All represent the tremendous amount of affection in which his memory is held.


There will always be women who become spellbound by Lawrence’s charisma, and there will always be flowers on Lawrence’s grave.”


5. The Walled Garden

After visiting the cemetery, walk back the way you came and a few metres on your left is the entrance to the Walled Garden. Although not officially part of the Lawrence Trail, it is well worth a quick visit.


POINT OF INTEREST: THE WALLED GARDEN, MORETON

These gardens were once the kitchen gardens of the manor house and are now open gardens free for anyone to enjoy. Maintained by Employ My Ability, which helps train young adults, they are well maintained and contain some lovely features and plants. There is also a café on site which makes it a great place for a pit stop.

The walled garden in Moreton
The manor house in the distance behind the walled garden

You can see the manor house from these gardens, a relatively modest but well proportioned building of soft grey stone and Georgian windows. If you are looking for a very local place to stay, the Manor House in Moreton is available to rent out as a holiday home for large groups.

The exterior of the 19th century schoolhouse in Moreton
The 19th century Schoolhouse

Just outside the walled garden and on your return back to the bridge, is the old Moreton Schoolhouse.


Now a Grade II listed building, it is a typical 19th century village schoolhouse, with a single storey long school room with a bell on top, attached to a two storey red brick school house, and well worth a look at as you pass by (w3w: setting.prosper.coconuts)


Clouds Hill
Clouds Hill from the road

6. Clouds Hill


Head back over the bridge and continue straight through Moreton Plantation until you reach the main road (w3w: coiling.doubt.jots)


Turn right and walk along the edge of the road.


Take the next right (w3w: campus.lavished.renamed) and on your left is Clouds Hill (w3w: aquatic.soap.pokes)


If it is open (March – October) you can go in and have a look around – it is free for National Trust members. The third plaque is outside the entrance.


HISTORY: CLOUDS HILL, DORSET

Clouds Hill was gifted to the National Trust in 1937 by Arnold Lawrence, to remain as a memorial to his brother. It is the only house he lived in that still bears evidence of his time there.


He had bought it as a retreat to army life and is where he would read, write, listen to his gramophone and relax. He lived an austere life here, without what many of us would consider to be basic necessities. The house reveals much of his tastes and interests.


If the house is open and you have the time, I definitely recommend a visit. Read about a visit to the house here >>


Clouds Hill is closed over the winter months, but you can still see it from the road and appreciate just how small and rustic it is.

A Lawrence trail signpost next to woodland and a road

7. Lawrence Memorial/Tank Viewing


When you leave Clouds Hill, turn right back onto the main road, then right again.


On your right you will see a public footpath (around w3w: stopped.career.decompose) which takes you behind Clouds Hill through woodland.


On this path you will see a memorial stone to Lawrence, dedicated by the TE Lawrence Society.


The path emerges at a large layby (w3w: erupted.questionned.vowed) which is also a tank viewing area.


Here is the last of the Lawrence Trail plaques, as well as plaques to help you identify the tanks you may see, and the history of the Tank Regiment in the area.




POINT OF INTEREST: TANK VIEWING

The Armour Centre in Bovington Camp has over 10,000 acres of heathland for training which includes an all-weather driving circuit. This runs past the main road and an enlarged layby has been created, which overlooks part of the driving circuit. If you’re lucky with your timing, you’ll see convoys of tanks rumble past in clouds of smoke and noise, often with projectiles thrown at them in training exercises and drills. There is an information board to help you identify the tanks, as well as a history of the area as an army base. You will also find the final TE Lawrence plaque of the walk here.

A stop sign in frot of the Bovington tank viewing area
The tank viewing area

It was near this area that TE Lawrence died, coming off his motorbike on his way to camp to post a telegram.


He swerved to avoid two boys on bicycles, clipped one and was thrown off his bike, suffering severe injuries.


There is much speculation around his death, with claims he was killed deliberately. A memorial oak tree was planted here by his friend and colleague, 48 years after his death.


The tank viewing area lacks interest when its not in use, but if you can time you visit well, there will be plenty of tank action.

 A path next to the MOD training area on the Lawrece of Arabia trail
This narrow path is opposite the tank viewing area

8. Medical Centre


Cross the road and you will see a narrow path surrounded by barbed wire to the right of the military training area (w3w: bogus.onto.spit).


Continue down here until you reach a gate on your right.


Follow the path downhill and bear left at the next junction.


Keep going through the heathland until you reach the T-junction you passed at the start of the walk (w3w: mile.intensley.removed) . Turn left.


After the woodland thins out, turn left into Menin Road (w3w: squirted.reduce.shackles) then right at the crossroads into Holt Road.


On your left is the Medical Centre, a low brown building, and outside the front doors is a plaque to Lawrence (w3w: binders.unloads.decimals).


Continue down Holt Road, turn right at the main road (w3w: ever.generally.growl), left into Lindsay Road and you will walk back to the car park of the tank museum.


HISTORY: BOVINGTON TANK MUSEUM

With Bovington as the main base for tanks during World War I, there were many left over afterwards. It is said that Rudyard Kipling visited in 1923 and suggested that more should be done to preserve the vehicles. A collection was started in a shed and added to over the years with more vehicles as they came out of service or other items kept for the archives. The museum expanded over the years, with new buildings and new exhibits, until it became the popular attraction it is today.


Read all about what there is to see during a visit to the Bovington Tank Museum >>

A memorial to the tank corps at the Bovington Tank Museum

It contains an area dedicated to TE Lawrence and after some refreshment in the café upstairs to recover from your walk; it is well worth exploring the museum.


Outside is a fibreglass model, used to create the bronze statue which stands in Whitehall Place in London, and depicts a Comet tank crew.




WALKING THE LAWRENCE OF ARABIA TRAIL


How to get to The Tank Museum (start of trail)


Postcode: BH20 6JG

what3words: adventure.lawn.frisky


Public Transport: The nearest bus stop is at Lindsay Road, right opposite the Tank Museum


Parking: If you are driving, there is free parking at the Tank Museum


When is the Lawrence of Arabia Trail open?

The walk is available at any time, although it is not recommended in the dark as there is no street lighting, lots of mud and dark woodland


How much does it cost to walk the Lawrence of Arabia Trail?

The walk is free


Are there any facilities on the Lawrence of Arabia Trail?

There are cafes en route, and the obvious choice of the Tank Museum at the start or end - it is possible to visit their restaurant without paying for access to the museum. The museum also has loos and a shop.


Useful tips for walking the Lawrence of Arabia Trail

The walk is well signposted throughout and is easy to follow.


Walking boots are a must, especially if there has been rain.


There are no stiles or gates to climb over.


The walk takes about four hours but allow a full day if you intend to visit Clouds Hill and the Tank Museum too.


Part of the walk is on the boundary of MOD land, so don’t be alarmed if you see red flags or military vehicles. Just stay out of the MOD land (clearly signposted) and you will not have any problems.


Which is the nearest town to the Lawrence of Arabia trail?

The nearest town is Wareham. We do not yet have a guide for Wareham, but the site is within easy access for people staying in Poole, Swanage, Weymouth or Salisbury. See our Salisbury City Guide for details on locally owned accommodation, restaurants and shops, further places to visit and things to do.

Artwork by Joanne Kear